Turbo-charged is a word that you will find thrown around a lot in the auto circles. Many people think that turbo-charged engines are synonymous with speed and high performance with fuel economy and in all counts, they are right. But just how does a turbo-charged engine work?
Firstly, to turbocharge a car is to force induction and faster fuel burning thus increasing speed and energy of a car. This occurs when extra air is forced into the combustion chamber. For the car to have power to move, air must be mixed with fuel in the combustion chamber. Now, what turbocharger does is force more air and fuel into the combustion chamber meaning that the car produces more power.
Rotations per minute – RPM
So how does the turbo charger work? Mostly the turbochargers will be used to spin a turbine, actually, the turbocharger enables the use of the engine exhaust gas to spin a turbine which can make 150,000 rotations in 60 seconds, which is actually 30 times more than a regular car engine can do.
You can thus see that there is more power, 30 to 40 percent increase when you have installed a turbo turbine in the exhaust system. Ideally, this power increase should be 50%, but you know that some of that power is spent in pushing that turbine.
From this argument alone, having a turbocharged car engine that is 30 times more powerful than that of a regular car, you can see that buying a turbocharged car is advisable to buying a non-turbocharged car.
A turbocharged car can eat the hills faster, this is because at the high altitudes, there is less air pressure meaning that the car with a regularly aspirated engine would be a flop, while the extra pressure from the turbocharger would increase power. In any case, even when going uphill, a car would require more power and a turbocharger will give it that extra oomph.
Did you know that turbocharged cars are less noisy and they have less emissions as well? That is the truth. The turbocharged engines are much smaller than the regular engines. This means less emissions.
Enjoy better fuel economy
A turbocharged car has better fuel economy. Unbelievable, isn’t it? Just because we said more air and fuel in the compression chamber means more power, that does not mean that a turbocharged car is a guzzler. The turbocharged engine is smaller, but more powerful while the regular engine is bigger and thus requires more fuel. For example, a six cylinder regular engine can do what a four cylinder turbocharged engine can do.
Downside … the turbocharged car will require more care and servicing than the regular engine. However, that is a small price to pay for all that power.